Posts Tagged 'printer ink'

What’s in this stuff: Ink Chemical Composition?

Ink cartridges contain some of the most expensive liquid on the planet, but what is ink actually made of?

Impact

The ink itself, after being sold in cartridges at brand name retail prices, can reach upwards of $3 per milliliter which is around $235 per cup or $11,350 per gallon. No doubt, that is expensive any way you look at it and some even compare modern printer ink prices to fine caviars and gold. A lot of printer inks now cost even more to replace then the printer originally cost, begging the consumer to ask, why not just purchase a new printer instead of replacing the ink?

To answer the latter question, printer manufacturers do not advertise the amount of printouts that are possible with the cartridges found inside the box when buying a new printer. This is because they are starter ink cartridges and are intended for consumers to get an idea of what the printer output is like or capable of and not necessarily how much ink will be in a replacement cartridge.  Thus, replacement ink cartridges will always yield more printouts then the included cartridges when purchasing a new printer.

The Mixture

Most ink compositions are a fairly basic mixture of fine pigment particles dispersed in a solvent which is generally a liquid or aqueous solution, although the solvent can be organic. Some formulations will also have colorants when the pigmented materials do not apply to the desired color. And with advanced formulas of inks such as the ChromaLife 100+, DURAbrite, UltraChrome, and other specially named inks, further ingredients are added to improve the overall chemical composition.

The additional ingredients found in these specialty cartridges have a specific purpose from reducing foaming action to controlling surface properties. The addition of pH modifiers will help to control the acidity levels of the mixture so the composition does not corrode the metal printheads inside the machine. Humectants can be added to keep the mixture from prematurely dying a substrate or surface while surfactants act as wetting agents, helping to control surface properties. Defoaming or antifoaming agents can also be added to regulate foam formation, as foam creates air pockets and uneven ink flow. Thickeners or rheology modifiers can also be added to provide needed viscosity to the jetted out liquid ink. Perhaps the most common addition to ink compositions is the polymeric resins or polymers which give pigments or colorants a glass-like coating that protects, reflects light, and keeps particles from binding or clumping together. And to prevent fungal and bacterial growth that can spoil chemical ink compositions, biocides are also added.

Metal Colorants

Black ink cartridges still use carbon to achieve the black tonal output as past attempts at substituting carbon for other metals failed due to toxicity or financial reasons. Most white ink formulations have titanium dioxide, being rutile or anatase crystals in tetragonal form. Both anatase and rutile are just different forms of titanium dioxide known for their rich color and luster. Moreover, specific metallic pigments such as copper-zinc alloy powder and aluminum powder have been used in novelty gold and silver inks which are very rare. Some other miscellaneous inorganic pigmented metals have also been used in various photographic inks to provide luminescent and pearlescent effects.

Colorants

Cyan ink cartridges get their bright blue hue from Direct Blue 199 dye which is made of copper phthalocyanine and sulfur. This substance is a direct dye, being able to directly contact and bond to fibrous substrates like paper and cloth without needing a binding confounder or fixative.

The Magenta vibrancy comes from Reactive Red dye 23 which is a dark red powder that has a high pH level and high lightfastness (resistance to fading in light). Many formulations containing Reactive Red Dye 23, will need both a pH modifiers and a confounder to help hold the mixture to a substrate before the dye reacts and adheres to cellulose like material.

The Yellow coloration comes from Acid Yellow dye 23, which is also known by chefs and food fanatics because it’s a common coloring agent used in foods. And although Acidic Yellow Dye 23 is found in foods, this dye has been known to trigger allergic reactions such as asthma attacks, hives, and contact dermatitis so do not try to ingest this yellow ink as it may be hazardous unlike its more natural cousin, yellow food coloring.

Miscellaneous Materials

Cyclahexanone is an organic solvent or colorless oil that helps ink adhere to polymers, making this chemical ideal for outdoor use and application on smooth surfaces. Cyclahexanone is also a precursor to creating nylon when oxidized with nitric acid. This substance is also commonly found with reactive dyes as it will hold the pigments in place until they naturally react to cellulose like material.

Ethoxylated acetylenic diols is the most common surfactant that is responsible for the viscosity or reduction of surface tension in most ink formulations. This substance is a low foaming wetting agent that also improves freeze-thaw stability of acrylic systems.  Ethoxylated acetylenic diols is also an excellent, oil in water, emulsifier.

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, more commonly known to be abbreviated as EDTA, is a colorless water-soluble solid used to dissolve limescale and keep the printheads clean and bacteria free. EDTA acts by creating covalent bonds on the printheads, effectively trapping contaminents from ruining or clogging printheads.

Furthermore, Ethylene glycol is also used frequently in ink cartridges to slow evaporation and to help prevent print nozzles from clogging.

Further Reasons for Expenses

Hp claims the reason for the lavish prices is due to the technology put into creating a cartridge that can deliver superior results. Not only does each cartridge contain multiple chemicals, each one is carefully measured out and thoroughly tested to ensure the output results can be replicated naturally. This means, you’re not really paying for the liquid so much as the labor put into designing, creating, and testing the cartridge. Some manufacturers also add other elements to cartridges such as smart chips and piezo crystals which also increase the retail price.

Inside the Ink Cartridge

Most of us use printers in our everyday lives, whether it’s at work, home, or even in libraries and schools. Printers have long been a part of our culture, revolutionizing how we received news, how advertisers were able to relay messages, how stories and lessons were able to be recorded on a wide scale, and much more. The first printers were complex machines with a numerous variety of components and attachments and needed constant monitoring. Now, we see a printer and immediately know how to operate them, how to change the ink cartridges, and how to give them a proper supply of power. In general, these machines and their accompanying cartridges are pretty familiar and very simple to use, although we seldom look at what is really happening inside the ink cartridge during the printing process.

 The ink cartridge, although it looks uncomplicated and easily slides in and out of the printer when replacing the ink, is actually an intricate component with several moving, conducting, charging, and supporting pieces that make up a single ink cartridge.

The main components of every cartridge are the sump or receptacle portion which expels the ink and the peripheral walls, encasing the cartridge and giving the object its recognizable, rectangular shape (in most cases, although each manufacturer varies). These also happen to be the biggest and most prevalent pieces as they hold and protect the ink from spilling inside the printer.  The sump is also responsible for responding to and supporting the print heads, which act as a funnel to jet ink through to the media. The sump and the walls together, also make up a reservoir for the ink to rest in.

On the diametrically opposed side of the sump portion, designers usually include a small handle with a knurled surface to facilitate the insertion and removal of the ink cartridge. This basically means the cartridge has a protruding handle at the top and in the back of the unit for users to more easily handle the cartridge.  Along with an added handle, the outer portion also contains stabilizing protrusions or datum features at the bottom of the cartridge (much like a stand or feet) to accurately align the cartridge in the printer.

 At the bottom of the unit, a small hole known as the charging opening is also created into the frame or wall which grants access to the ink reservoir. This is where the ink is initially filled when being put together by the assembling machine.

In between the sump portion and the framing walls of the cartridge lies a recessed region which bisects the cartridge. These recessed regions taper off to angled edges known as the chamfers. The chamfers main purpose is to correctly position media when the media is passing by the sump portion of the cartridge. The sump is actually two laterally spaced plates, each with smooth metal faces and ribbed groves on the inner section of the plates to ensure the print head is adhesively secured (or connected) to the cartridge.

A flexible circuit board or flexible member is then added to the cartridge, situated on the sump portion and part of the peripheral wall portion. The circuit board is a crucial piece to the cartridge supporting electrical traces that provide power to an actuating mechanism and delivering electrical impulses to the necessary components inside the cartridge. An electrical impulse will be regulated then distributed to “pogo” pins, a piezo crystal, or an electrical resistance heating material (such as thermal inks) to expel the droplets out of the chamber and through the print head nozzles.

To supply power to the flexible circuit board, a series of “pogo” pins in the ink trough of a printer will touch the conductor strips on the circuit board of the cartridge, creating a pathway for electricity to travel through. Sometimes chips are also added onto cartridges to count the number of pages printed with a particular cartridge and to help big corporations and brand name manufacturers regulate and ultimately monopolize the ink markets.

These are generally the main pieces involved when comprising an ink cartridge, although each manufacturer and each printer series has their own versions, additions, and arrangements of ink cartridge compositions.  

Canon PIXMA-MX882 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX882 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX882 Printer

The very stylish PIXMA MX882 all-in-one inkjet printer is a high quality machine, ideal for the home office or small business. The Hybrid inkjet system allows you to create stunning photographs with 9600 x 2400 color dpi.  The printer is easy to set up and extremely user friendly with a 3.0 inch color LCD display.  A built-in, fully integrated 35-sheet Auto Document Feeder enables fast copying or scanning so you can tend to other tasks while the printer is at work. The print also has auto duplexing to create double-sided documents and presentations in full 48-bit color.

The PIXMA MX882 ink cartridges are high-intensity ChromaLife 100 color for vivid, authentic, high quality photos, prints, and graphics.  Additionally, the special pigment black ink cartridges deliver laser precision to your documents and photos. The black ink is also highly resistant to smudging, allowing you to handle to documents right after printing. This device can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app. With Direct Photo Printing photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in compatible inkjet cartridges.  For individual purchase you can get the Compatible Canon PGI-225BK photo black inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-226BK (black) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-226M (magenta) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-226C (cyan) inkjet cartridge, and the Compatible Canon CLI-226Y (yellow) inkjet cartridge. The original cartridges are also for individual sale offering the Genuine Canon PGI-225BK photo black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-226BK black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-226M magenta inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-226C cyan inkjet cartridge, and the Genuine Canon CLI-226Y yellow inkjet cartridge.

Canon PIXMA-MX870 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA MX870 Printer

Canon PIXMA MX870 Printer

The sleek and stylish PIXMA MX860 all-in-one inkjet printer is a high quality machine, ideal for the home office or small business. The Hybrid inkjet system allows you to create stunning photographs with 9600 x 2400 color dpi.  The printer is easy to set up and extremely user friendly with a 2.5 inch color LCD display.  A built-in, fully integrated 35-sheet Auto Document Feeder enables fast copying or scanning so you can tend to other tasks while the printer is at work. The print also has auto duplexing to create double-sided documents and presentations.

The PIXMA MX870 ink cartridges are high-intensity ChromaLife 100 color for vivid, authentic, high quality photos, prints, and graphics.  Additionally, the special pigment black ink cartridges deliver laser precision to your documents and photos. The black ink is also highly resistant to smudging, allowing you to handle to documents right after printing. This device can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app. With Direct Photo Printing photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in compatible inkjet cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon Ink Cartridges 12 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PGI-220 cartridges and 2 of each, the CLI-221BK (black) ink cartridges, CLI-221M (magenta) cartridges, CLI-221C (cyan) cartridges, and CLI-221Y (yellow) cartridges. For individual purchase you can get the Compatible Canon PGI-220BK pigment black inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221BK (black) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221M (magenta) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221C (cyan) inkjet cartridge, and the Compatible Canon CLI-221Y (yellow) inkjet cartridge. The original cartridges are also for individual sale offering the Genuine Canon PGI-220BK pigment black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221BK black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221M magenta inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221C cyan inkjet cartridge, and the Genuine Canon CLI-221Y yellow inkjet cartridge.

Canon PIXMA-MX860 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA MX860 Printer

Canon PIXMA MX860 Printer

The stylish all-in-one inkjet printer is a high quality machine, ideal for the home office or small business. The PIXMA MX860 Hybrid inkjet system allows you to create stunning photographs with 9600 x 2400 color dpi.  The printer is easy to set up and extremely user friendly with a 2.5 inch color LCD display.  A built-in, fully integrated 35-sheet Auto Document Feeder enables fast copying or scanning so you can tend to other tasks while the printer is at work.

The PIXMA MX860 ink cartridges are high-intensity ChromaLife 100 color for vivid, authentic, high quality photos, prints, and graphics.  Additionally, the special pigment black ink cartridges deliver laser precision to your documents and photos. The black ink is also highly resistant to smudging, allowing you to handle to documents right after printing. This device can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app. With Direct Photo Printing photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in compatible inkjet cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon Ink Cartridges 12 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PGI-220 cartridges and 2 of each, the CLI-221BK (black) ink cartridges, CLI-221M (magenta) cartridges, CLI-221C (cyan) cartridges, and CLI-221Y (yellow) cartridges. For individual purchase you can get the Compatible Canon PGI-220BK pigment black inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221BK (black) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221M (magenta) inkjet cartridge, the Compatible Canon CLI-221C (cyan) inkjet cartridge, and the Compatible Canon CLI-221Y (yellow) inkjet cartridge. The original cartridges are also for individual sale offering the Genuine Canon PGI-220BK pigment black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221BK black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221M magenta inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-221C cyan inkjet cartridge, and the Genuine Canon CLI-221Y yellow inkjet cartridge.

Canon PIXMA-MX700 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX700 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX700 Printer

The Canon PIXMA MX700 all-in-one printer is for the home office or small business. The printer allows you to print, copy, fax, and scan projects with clarity and quality.  It has exceptional toner quality precision ink nozzles to produce up to 4800 x 1200 color dpi. And with the Automatic Document Feeder holding up to 30 pages, scanning and copying multiple pages becomes effortless.  The PIXMA MX700 also scans in high quality 2400 color dpi for documents and photographs that are close to the originals.

The printer is also very user friendly having a built in 1.8 inch color LCD screen with easy to follow menus.  With Direct Photo Printing, photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive. The printer can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app.  The four individual PIXMA-MX700 ink cartridge system allows photos and graphics to be printed quickly while still having a bold, professional quality look.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in compatible inkjet cartridges. For individual purchase you can get the Compatible Canon PGI-5BK (black), the Compatible Canon CLI-8M (magenta), the Compatible Canon CLI-8C (cyan), and the Compatible Canon CLI-8Y (yellow).  Also offered are the Genuine Canon PGI-5BK black pigment ink cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-8M (magenta) ink cartridge, the Genuine Canon CLI-8C (Cyan) ink cartridge, and the Genuine Canon CLI-8Y (yellow) ink cartridge.

Canon PIXMA-MX340 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX340 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX340 Printer

The Canon PIXMA MX340 all-in-one printer will increase productivity in the home office or small business.  This printer can do it all from sending and receiving multiple faxes to scanning documents quickly and clearly.  It comes with a 30 page Automatic Document Feeder from efficient scanning and copying.  The Canon PIXMA MX340 ink cartridges also have “FINE” technology allowing up to 4800 x 1200 dpi resolution.

The PIXMA MX340 also uses high-intensity ChromaLife 100 color ink cartridges for vivid, authentic, quality photos and graphics.  Additionally, the special pigment black ink delivers laser precision to your documents and photos. The black ink is also highly resistant to smudging, allowing you to handle to documents right after printing. With Direct Photo Printing, photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive. The printer can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in remanufactured inkjet cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon High Capacity 6 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PG-210XL cartridges and 2 color CL-211XL cartridges. For individual purchase you can get the Remanufactured Canon PG-210XL High-Yield black inkjet cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon CL-211XL High-Yield color inkjet cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG-210 (black), or the Remanufactured Canon CL-211 (color) cartridge. The original cartridges are also for individual sale offering the Genuine Canon PG-210XL High-Yield black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CL-211XL High-Yield color inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon PG-210 (black), or the Genuine Canon CL-211 (color) cartridge. And to achieve a professional look for photographs use 4 x 6 photo glossy Inkjet Paper, which is also water resistant.

Canon PIXMA-MX330 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX330 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX330 Printer

The Advanced Canon PIXMA-MX330 all-in-one printer is ideal for the home office or small business.  It can scan documents in 2400 x 1200 dpi with 48-bit color depth, so you’ll be able to keep the clarity and quality.  The machine can also print high quality photographs with 4800 x 1200 resolution and Canon’s “FINE” Ink Cartridge System gives great detail.  The Super 3G high-speed fax ensures that you’ll receive documents quickly.  And having a 20 speed dial memory enables faxes to be sent efficiently.

The printer is also very user friendly having a built in 1.8 inch color LCD screen with easy to follow menus.  With Direct Photo Printing, photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive. The printer can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app. The Automatic Document Feeder can hold up to 30 pages and receive up to 50 pages for more convenient copying, faxing, and scanning.  The Canon PIXMA-MX330 ink cartridges also come in high-yield, for more prints per cartridge.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in remanufactured inkjet cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon High Capacity 6 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PG-210XL cartridges and 2 color CL-211XL cartridges. For individual purchase you can get the Remanufactured Canon PG-210XL High-Yield black inkjet cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon CL-211XL High-Yield color inkjet cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG-210 (black), or the Remanufactured Canon CL-211 (color) cartridge. The original cartridges are also for individual sale offering the Genuine Canon PG-210XL High-Yield black inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon CL-211XL High-Yield color inkjet cartridge, the Genuine Canon PG-210 (black), or the Genuine Canon CL-211 (color) cartridge.

Canon PIXMA-MX310 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX310 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX310 Printer

The durable PIXMA-MX310 all-in-one printer is perfect for the office or small business.  The printer can do it all from scanning in impressive 1200 dpi with 48-bit color depth, to authentic 4 x 6 inch borderless photos in 4800 x 1200 color dpi.  To ensure scans are clear with laser quality text; the machine has an auto image fix feature.  And with excellent toner quality, resumes and projects will maintain a professional look after being scanned and faxed.

With Direct Photo Printing, photos can be printed directly from your digital camera’s media cards, PictBridge enabled cameras, or a USB flash drive. The printer can even print from your Apple® or Android™ mobile device with a downloadable app. The Automatic Document Feeder can hold up to 30 pages for more convenient copying, faxing, and scanning.  The Canon PIXMA-MX310 ink cartridges also come in high-yield, for more prints per cartridge.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in remanufactured high yield cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon Ink Cartridges 6 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PG 40 cartridges and 2 color CL 41 cartridges. For individual purchase and still a cheaper option, you can get the Remanufactured Canon CL 51 Ultra High-Yield color ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG 50 Ultra High-Yield black ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon CL 41 High-Yield color ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG 40 High-Yield black ink cartridge, the Remanufactured PG 30, and CL 31.  Additionally, you can purchase InkTec black refill kits for the for the Canon PG 40 and PG 50 in two 20 ml bottles and InkTec color refill kits for the Canon CL 41 and CL 51, which comes with three 20 ml ink bottles. The original cartridges are also available for individual sale. There are two High-Yield cartridges, the Genuine Canon CL 51 color ink cartridge and the Genuine Canon PG 50 black ink cartridge. They also offer the Genuine Canon CL 41 and PG 40 ink cartridges.  And to achieve a professional look for photographs use 4 x 6 photo glossy Inkjet Paper, which is also water resistant.

Canon PIXMA-MX300 Review from Inkgrabber.com

Canon PIXMA-MX300 Printer

Canon PIXMA-MX300 Printer

The Canon PIXMA MX300 is a durable all-in-one printer for the home office or small business.  With resolution up to 4800 x 1200 color dpi and Canon’s “FINE” ink cartridge technology, photos turn out vibrant and crisp.  It takes about 46 seconds to produce borderless 4 x 6 inch photos, which can be printed directly from a PictBridge enabled camera, camcorder, DV, or smart phone.  This printer is extremely durable and reliable making it ideal for multiple users.

This printer receives faxes in Super 3G speed, either color or black and white, while being able to handle 50 incoming pages.  Additionally this machine can save up to 20 speed dial codes for convenient and quick job selections.  With the PIXMA-MX300 ink and scans coming in at 600 dpi with 48-bit color depth, resumes and projects will keep their professional quality and look.

To help lower operating costs, cheap ink is available in remanufactured high yield cartridges.  The Remanufactured Canon Ink Cartridges 6 combo pack is the best value being offered with 4 black PG 40 cartridges and 2 color CL 41 cartridges. For individual purchase and still a cheaper option, you can get the Remanufactured Canon CL 51 Ultra High-Yield color ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG 50 Ultra High-Yield black ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon CL 41 High-Yield color ink cartridge, the Remanufactured Canon PG 40 High-Yield black ink cartridge, the Remanufactured PG 30, and CL 31.  Additionally, you can purchase InkTec black refill kits for the for the Canon PG 40 and PG 50 in two 20 ml bottles and InkTec color refill kits for the Canon CL 41 and CL 51, which comes with three 20 ml ink bottles. The original cartridges are also available for individual sale. There are two High-Yield cartridges, the Genuine Canon CL 51 color ink cartridge and the Genuine Canon PG 50 black ink cartridge. They also offer the Genuine Canon CL 41 and PG 40 ink cartridges.  And to achieve a professional look for photographs use 4 x 6 photo glossy Inkjet Paper, which is also water resistant.


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